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Huella Económica

ISSN: 2588-0683
Artículo perteneciente a la edición: Vol. 3 Núm. 1 (2018): Revista Huella Económica

Efecto de la inversión extranjera directa y producción en la desigualdad de ingresos de Ecuador

Palabras Clave:

Autores: Alejandro Ramos Rafael Alvarado Pablo Ponce

junio 30, 2018 Compartir:

Resumen

La desigualdad de ingresos es un serio desafío social y económico que atrajo la atención luego de que varios informes técnicos evidenciaron que este problema aumentó prácticamente en todo el mundo. Los reportes de OXFAM son un claro ejemplo de ello. Una posible explicación de este fenómeno es la internacionalización de los procesos productivos que buscan maximizar las ganancias reduciendo los costos de producción, en particular el costo de la fuerza laboral. El objetivo de esta investigación es examinar la relación entre la inversión extranjera directa y el producto real sobre la desigualdad de ingresos en Ecuador durante 1987-2015. Utilizamos datos de series de tiempo anuales y técnicas de cointegración para examinar la relación a corto y largo plazo entre las tres variables. Nuestros resultados muestran la existencia de al menos un vector de cointegración entre la desigualdad, la inversión extranjera directa y el producto real. El test de causalidad tipo Granger (1969) señala que la desigualdad y la inversión extranjera directa causan al producto. Una posible implicación de política derivada de esta investigación es que los responsables de la política pública deberían promover las entradas de la inversión extranjera directa y un crecimiento inclusivo para alcanzar una disminución de la desigualdad de ingresos.

Palabras clave: Desigualdad; IED; producción; cointegración; causalidad.

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